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Acquired Brain Injury
Acquired brain injury (ABI) is a type of brain injury which arises and become apparent after birth. The damage can be caused by a disease, infection, lack of blood or oxygen to the head and any kid of blow to the head.
It is estimated that almost 2/3 of the individuals affected with ABI restrict their activity after 45 years of age. Among these one third are with age above 65. The most affected age is between 40 and 49, but it is least common in people who are above 80 years. ABI is more common in men than in women.
How brain injury occurs
It is normally characterized as any brain damage which happens after birth. The symptoms and other losses depends on the specific area which is affected due to brain damage.
The common causes of acquired brain damage are:
- Use of drugs or alcohol which are known to poison the brain.
- It may be caused due to certain disease such as: Alzheimer’s disease, AIDS, multiple sclerosis, cancer or Parkinson’s disease.
- Lack of oxygen causes anoxic brain injury e.g. the injury caused due to lack of oxygen during drowning.
- Physical injury is caused due to an impact or blow on the head region, normally occur due to some kind of accident, fall or fight.
- When the blood vessels supplying blood to the brain break, they causes stroke, thus destroying brain tissues.
How ABI affects a person
Long term effects associated with brain injury are very difficult to predict. This is because, they are different from person to person, and also depends on the physical and mental disabilities.
The normal affects which are identified in people with ABI are the increased fatigue, mental and physical tiredness and slowing down in the information processing unit and they fail to make plans. Uneven changes in personality, behavior, sensory abilities, physical learning and thinking are also observed in ABI.
How the brain works
Brain is known as the power house of whole body, although it is only 2% of the total weight of the body. It is soft component of the body possessing billions of neural cross-connections. It normally functions through chemical and electrical messengers.
Acquired brain injury is usually a complex and specific condition arises after birth. It should not be confused with intellectual disability. It is associated with difficulty in coordination, control and communication with other people. The ABI hinders your ability of thinking and it increases with the passage of time. No specific treatment is available which can be used to cure ABI. The physical and mental therapies can be used to stop it from growing. The medical consultants always prescribed that the patient shouldn’t be left alone, always accompany them and provide them an environment where they can easily perform physical and mental therapies.