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Alzheimer’s disease, Symptoms and Medications

Alzheimer’s disease

Alzheimer’s is one form of dementia, leads to memory loss and disrupt intellectual abilities and cause serious hurdles in daily life. Most of the time Alzheimer’s disease is the main cause of dementia. In a broader sense, it is a neurological disorder occurs due to the death of brain cells that lead to memory loss and in severe cases results in cognitive decline.

Alzheimer’s disease is not associated with aging, although it occurs mostly in old age i.e. above 65 years of age it is also known and proved that it can trap you at any time of your age. More than 5 percent of individuals at 40 are suffering from this disease. It can be dangerous with the passage of time and individual suffering from Alzheimer’s disease unable to identify people even to whom they meet daily.

In normal cases, Alzheimer’s leads to dementia and with the passage of time its symptoms become deteriorate. At an early stage individual feel normal but slight difficulty but with growing age individuals even lose the ability to carry out normal functioning such as conversation and feel difficulty in response towards surrounding. They even don’t identify friends with whom they met daily. Alzheimer’s is one of the deadliest diseases in the world and according to one estimate in America, it is the sixth leading cause of deaths. The condition varies from person to person and it depends on the age and general health conditions of the individual. Survival can range from 4 to 20 years after the symptoms become notified.

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Currently, Alzheimer’s has no cure but some treatments are available according to the symptoms. This treatment only helps in slowing the progress of the disease and increase survival time. Alzheimer’s disease has sometimes family history and in these individuals, the symptoms start appearing in the early 30s. In these individuals, it is more dangerous and leads to death most of the time. Finding out Alzheimer’s disease is often set to have art because doctors usually don’t expect to cause it an early age and diagnose is often difficult.

The causes of Alzheimer’s disease are poorly known, and it is generally believed that in most of the cases i.e. more than 70% it is genetic in nature. But still, it is debatable and tricky because different genes are involved. But despite genetics, other factors may include head injuries at an early age, depression, and hypertension leads to an increase in the disease.

Symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease

Difficulty in remembering the newly learned information is the leading symptom of Alzheimer’s Care and unable to identify the newly seen things. With the passage of time, different organs change, in the same way, changes occur in our brain. Most of us feel difficulty in remembering things and slowed in identifying common things. But serious threats arise when occasional memory loss occurs, confusion arises and some way or the other our mind diverts and unable to perform normal functioning are the signs of damaged brain cells. This all happens because changes occur in that part of the brain that is directly associated with learning and remembering.

As the stages advances, it results in an increase in symptoms that are more dangerous such as behavioral changes and disorientation. Confusion in remembering about certain occasions, places and duration of the time passes. Unable to identify daily meetings and family persons and friends and even professional friends and partners. This is the extreme case leads to severe memory loss and results in difficulty in expressing, eating or swallowing and even in walking.

At this stage, they are unable to recognize that they have a problem in identifying and remembering. This is the stage where we can call it dementia and the person should consult a doctor. If you don’t consult with a doctor it will be fatal very soon. You can experience or feel it while performing daily works and you can judge it yourself. If you think you are in trouble to memorize things and difficulty in identifying your friends or their names then you need a consultant.

People with memory loss are at a risk of danger e.g. they are unable to recognize fire at once and they may get harmed by normal and daily used things.

Medications of Alzheimer’s disease

As the symptoms are prevailing it is often difficult to diagnose. There is no perfect and single test available in the laboratories that is sufficient to identify Alzheimer’s disease.

No perfect medication is available for Alzheimer’s disease, the American food, and drug administration after testing approved two types of medications.

  1. Cholinesterase inhibitors (Aricept, Exelon, Razadyne, and Cognex)
  2. Memantine ( Namenda)

These medications do not help to regain the damaged cells but these diseases prevent excessive dying of cells and thus lessen the aging effect of Alzheimer’s disease. In addition to these, some doctors may advise taking a high dosage of Vitamin E for cognitive changes that occurred due to Alzheimer’s disease?

 

 

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