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Anxiety Disorders, Causes, Types and Treatment

Table of Content

  1. Anxiety Disorders
  2. Types of Anxiety Disorders
  3. Generalized Anxiety Disorder
  4. What Causes Anxiety Disorders?
  5. Treatment of Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety disorders are emotional disorders affecting more than 25 million individuals in America. The common symptoms of anxiety disorder includes:

  • Feeling of fear and panic
  • Automatic and uncontrollable obsessive thoughts
  • Intrusive and painful memories
  • Nightmares which are recurring
  • Uneven feelings like stomach problems e.g. feeling of butterflies in stomach
  • Muscle tension, heart pounding and startling easily

Don’t confuse anxiety disorders with the feeling of nervousness. If anxiety disorders are left untreated they can push the individuals to avoid the situations which can trigger their symptoms. The individuals with anxiety syndrome may suffer from depression, alcohol or drug abuse in order to get relief from symptoms. Additionally job performance, personal relationships and school work may also suffer.

Types of Anxiety Disorders

Panic Disorder 
It is characterized by panic attack, which is an overwhelming condition a combination of psychological and physical distress. The common symptoms associated with panic disorder are as follows:

  • Pounding chest or heart pain
  • Shaking, trembling and sweating
  • Sensation of choking and shortness of breath
  • Nausea associated with abdominal pain
  • Light-headedness or dizziness
  • Disconnected and unreal feelings
  • Feeling of dying or going crazy
  • Uneven numbness

The symptoms of panic disorder are so severe that people usually think that they are having a heart attack.
Phobias 
phobia is persistent and excessive fear of something like object, activity or situation. The fear causes so much distress that people usually avoid those places where they feel any kind of distress or fear.

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

The sufferer of generalized anxiety disorder has always feeling of tension which hinders their daily activities. They are always worried and have no control over their worries. It is also seen that their worries have direct impact on their job responsibilities, minor matters, family health, appointments and car repairing. They may have sleeping problems, tension, muscle aches, shaky feeling, weakness and headache. People with generalized anxiety disorder have feeling of irritations and also have some problems associated with concentration. They usually lose concentration and are not able to work efficiently.

What Causes Anxiety Disorders?

The real causes of anxiety disorders are still under investigation and are not understood completely. It is estimated that areas of brain which functions to control fear responses are associated with anxiety disorders. Anxiety disorders have its roots in families, which suggests that both environmental stress and genes can initiate disorders.

Treatment of Anxiety Disorders

All anxiety disorders have their own unique characteristics, mostly two types of treatments are used for anxiety disorders: medications and psychotherapy. Both of these treatments can be applied singly or in combination. Treatment can facilitate you against symptoms, but condition cannot be cured completely.

Number of such psychotherapies and medications are available which can be used effectively. This is just because treatment requires many days or even weeks to work at its best. During treatment the psychiatrist follow the progress in the condition of patient and perform necessary changes.

Unfortunately most of the patients with anxiety disorders don’t seek any kind of help. Most of the people even don’t know that they have illness which has specific causes and has available treatment. Some people have developed a state of fear that their nearby people might criticize them, if they ask for help.

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References

http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/anxiety-disorders/index.shtml

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