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Aphasia, Common Types, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Table of Contents

  1. What Is Aphasia?
  2. Causes of Aphasia
  3. Types of Aphasia
  4. Symptoms of Aphasia
  5. How Is Aphasia Diagnosed?
  6. Treatment of Aphasia

What Is Aphasia?

Aphasia refers to common disorder or injury in the language parts of the brain. The disease is more common in adults specially those who must have a stroke in their life. Aphasia makes hurdle in person’s ability to speak and deliver words. However it doesn’t intact with intelligence. The individuals suffering with aphasia feel difficulty in finding appropriate words to deliver specific sentences. Additionally they have problems in understanding conversation, comprehending written words or reading, writing and using specific numbers.


Causes of Aphasia

The common causes of aphasia are stroke or brain injury to that part which deals with language. According to one estimate about 25 to 40% individuals who survive after a stroke are reluctant to aphasia. Other causes include brain infection, brain tumor and dementia including Alzheimer disease. These are common cause while in some cases aphasia is cause due to epilepsy.


Types of Aphasia

There are many types of aphasia that are known and each cause impairment which may vary from mild condition to sever.

  • Expressive aphasia (non-fluent): It is common condition in which person know what he or she has to express but feels difficulty in conveying. It doesn’t matter that a person wants to speak or write the individual always find difficulty in communicating with nearby individuals.
  • Receptive aphasia (fluent): in this case the individual hear a particular voice or can read the print but unable to understand the message. In some cases the aphasia patient takes some language latterly. This condition occur because their own language disturbed and they are even unable to understand their own language.
  • Anomic aphasia: in this type individual fail to find appropriate word commonly known as anomia. Because of that condition a person feel difficulty in finding right words for conveying something.
  • Global aphasia: It is the most advance and common form of aphasia mostly occur right after having a stroke. The individual feels difficulty during speaking and understanding words. Additionally the individual feels difficulty in reading and writing.
  • Primary progressive aphasia: in this case individual loses slowly the ability to read, talk, comprehend what they heard at a particular time and feel difficulty in talking. The aphasia that is caused by stroke improve by regular therapy. No other way is known to reverse the primary aphasia. In that particular case people are able to convey message by other means than talking. The best example is the gestures. Commonly they feel better by medication and speech therapy.


Aphasia can be define both in mild and severe condition, with mild aphasia the individual may converse but find difficulty in finding right words or in some cases unable to understand the complex situations. While in case of severe aphasia it limits the individual’s ability to communicate. The individual may speak less or don’t take part in conversations.

Symptoms of Aphasia

The most common symptoms of aphasia that are known include:

  • Feeling trouble in everyday life during speaking
  • Difficulty in finding appropriate phrase or words during speaking or conveying
  • Choosing inappropriate words during conversation
  • In some cases person feel difficulty in understanding what others are saying during any particular dialogue. The most alarming condition is when a person is tired or stuck in crowded area. It should be noted over here that it doesn’t affect thinking ability. The individual only fee difficulty in understanding a written description and in writing. In some case you feel problems in using numbers or unable to do simple calculations.

symptms aph

How Is Aphasia Diagnosed?

The first thing doctors mostly do is to diagnose aphasia when treating any kind of stroke, tumor or brain injury. With the help of some neurological tests the advisor may ask simple questions to evaluate the aphasia. The advisor may ask about specific commands and ask to name different objects or items. These results specifically help the doctor to evaluate whether you are suffering with aphasia or not. Additionally they also help to evaluate the severity of condition.


Treatment of Aphasia

Treating aphasia always depends on some factors which include:

  • Age of the person matters the most
  • Any kind of brain injury that may or may not affect the speaking parts
  • Type of aphasia you are living in
  • And finally the position and size of your brain lesion

For example a person who is suffering from aphasia may have brain tumor that is affecting the language center located in the brain. This condition can be readily improved with brain surgery.

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