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Breast Lumps, Causes, Treatment, and Medication

Breast Lumps, Causes, Treatment, and Medication

Introduction 

Breast lumps are very common now a day and have number of different reasons and causes.

Although, not all breast lumps are breast cancer, but any unusual change to the breast should be considered seriously and checked by GP as soon as possible. If GP find any lump during examination, they will directly refer to the medical specialist for further clarification.

The non-cancerous lumps are known as benign, which are harmless and mostly caused due to hormonal changes. The lumps appear most commonly during menstrual cycle in females due to uneven hormone release.

Types of Benign breast lump

  • Fibroadenoma: It is most common in younger women, a firm lump and can be easily moved around in the breast.
  • Breast Cyst: It is a smooth, firm fluid filled lump, and is commonly affect women of age 30-40.
  • Breast Abscess: It is a collection of pus under the skin associated with pain, caused due to bacterial infection.

Checking your breasts

Breast awareness is among the most important, so you can easily identify any problems and changes in your breasts, and then visit GP as soon as possible. It means you must be familiar with your breasts and time by time examine them regularly in order to avoid any problem.

If you are above 50 years or over, then you must need breast cancer screening, every three years, where a mammogram (X-ray), will be carried out to identify early signs of cancer.

If you have problems with your breasts then no need to wait for next screening, immediately visit your GP.

Seeing your GP

It is always advisable to visit your GP as you notice any minor change or lump in your breasts, so its caused can be identified. Finding any kind of lump on your breasts is a time to worry, but make sure that 90% of the lumps are only benign.

If you find any change in one or both breast, you should need medical assistance, such as:

  • An area with thickened tissues
  • Blood during nipple discharge
  • Structural changes in the shape and size of breasts
  • Rash either on the nipple or anywhere in the breast
  • Change in the appearance of nipple
  • Nipple may sunk into the breast
  • Persistent pain in armpits or breasts
  • Similarly swelling or lump in your armpits

The GP will thoroughly ask about symptoms, and then examine your breasts.

Further tests

If GP find anything unusual, then you may be referred for further tests, such as mammogram or ultrasound, to find out the real cause.

Being referred to further tests can be scary, but it doesn’t mean that you have breast cancer. In most of the cases, these lumps are turn out to be benign.

Treatment of breast lumps

There is no treatment required for benign breast lumps, but treatment may be required if lumps are enlarged, and getting bigger with the passage of time, and if it is associated with pain.

Medications are given to relieve pain, and antibiotics are usually advisable for bacterial infections, which is the possible cause of lump developing. If the lump contains fluid then needle may be injected to drain out fluid or pus. In rare cases, surgery may be carried out to eliminate lump completely, which must be done under normal anesthesia, and you can also allowed to go home on the same day.

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