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Candidiasis: Types and Symptoms of Candidiasis

Table of Contents

  1. Candidiasis
  2. Types of Candidiasis
  3. Esophageal Candidiasis/ Oropharyngeal (“Thrush”)
  4. Vulvovaginal candidiasis /Genital (VVC)
  5.  Invasive Candidiasis


Candidiasis a fungal infection caused by candida. Candida is a yeast, and has more than 20 species which are known to cause infections in humans. Among candida family, the most common is the candida albicans. The yeast normally grows in skin and mucous membranes without causing any harm to the skin. The overgrowth of yeast causes infection and symptoms starts appearing soon after infection. The symptoms depends on the area of skin infected with yeast. The symptoms also depends on the skin texture.

The candidiasis which is found in the mouth is commonly known as oropharyngeal candidiasis or thrush. The candidiasis which occurs in the vagina is known as yeast infection. If the candida species are found in bloodstream, then it is known as invasive candidiasis, it spreads in whole body due to the running blood.

Types of Candidiasis

Esophageal Candidiasis/ Oropharyngeal (“Thrush”)

The candidiasis which is found in the mouth is commonly known as oropharyngeal candidiasis or thrush. The common symptoms of thrush are appearance of plaques or white patches and some other kind of oral mucous membranes. The infection is more common in unhealthy adults and less common in individuals who are healthy and have balanced diet.

Vulvovaginal candidiasis /Genital (VVC)

It is commonly known as yeast infection and occurs when yeast inside the vagina is associated with an overgrowth. It is very common yeast infection, affecting more than 75% of the women who have at least one attack of yeast infection in their life.

 Invasive Candidiasis

Invasive candidiasis is cause by candida. Unlike thrush and vaginal infections invasive candidiasis is very serious infection, because it can affect heart, blood, brain, bones, eyes, and other body parts as well. Candidemia is an infection of bloodstream caused by candida in hospitalized patients.

All these types can grow easily in those people who have poor hygienic and poor toilet habits.


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