Category: Brain diseases

Bipolar disorders (manic depression) Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Bipolar disorders

What is bipolar disorder? The bipolar disorder is a severe mood disorder characterized by alternating phases of ‘exaltation of mood “with an increase in energy and hyperactivity, and mood downturns (depression ). These “manic” episodes are interspersed with periods during which the mood is normal and stable, for varying periods. During “manic” episodes, the person is irritable, […]

Parkinson’s disease Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Parkinson's disease

Parkinson’s disease is a disease of the nervous system that affects movement. It develops gradually, sometimes starting with a tremor barely perceptible with one hand. It also causes stiffness or slowing of movement. The Parkinson’s disease is a degenerative disease which results from the slow and progressive death of neurons in the brain. As the area of ​​the brain affected […]

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease Symptoms and Treatment

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

What is it? Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is a prion disease. These are rare diseases characterized by degeneration of the central nervous system and are also known as subacute spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs). They are due to the accumulation in the brain of a normal but poorly conformed protein, the prion protein. Unfortunately, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is characterized by rapid and fatal […]

Charcot’s disease Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

charcot-foot

Charcot’s disease, also known as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), is a neurodegenerative disease. It progressively reaches neurons and causes muscle weakness and paralysis. The life expectancy of patients remains very short. In English, it is also called Lou Gehrig’s disease, in tribute to a famous baseball player suffering from this disease. The name “Charcot” comes from the French neurologist who described […]

Alzheimer’s disease Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

alzheimers

The Alzheimer’s disease is a degenerative disease that causes a progressive decline in cognitive function and memory . Gradually, destruction of nerve cells occurs in brain regions related to memory and language. Over time, it is increasingly difficult for the person with memory to remember events, to recognize objects and faces, to remember the meaning of words and to exercise judgment. In general, […]

Leukodystrophy, what is it? Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

leukodystrophy

Leukodystrophy is a neurodegenerative disease resulting from an accumulation of sulfatides (glycolipid type) in the brain. Definition of leukodystrophy Leukodystrophy is a neurodegenerative pathology. It is the consequence of an abnormal accumulation in the nervous system of a substance that combines lipid and carbohydrate: a glycolipid. These glycolipids, source of leukodystrophy, are sulfatides. the disease is therefore the […]

Pituitary Impairment – Definitions, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

pituitary-gland

Pituitary insufficiency, also known as hypopituitarism, is a deficiency of the production of hormones produced by the pituitary, the endocrine gland of the brain, responsible for the production of many hormones. Definition of pituitary insufficiency Pituitary insufficiency, also called hypopituitarism, is characterized by a deficiency of one or more hormone  produced by the pituitary gland . The […]

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