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Congestive Heart Failure (CHF), Types, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Medications

Table of Content

  1. Congestive Heart Failure
  2. Most Common Types of CHF
  3. Causes of CHF
  4. Symptoms of CHF
  5. How Is CHF Diagnosed?
  6.  Medications and Treatments for CHF

Congestive Heart Failure

Heart is the combination of four chambers which must work properly to ensure the overall body’s normal functioning.  Congestive heart failure is a type of chronic condition which affects severely the chambers of your heart. Human heart contains 4 chambers the atria in the form of pair covers the upper half of the heart while a pair of ventricles covers the lower part of the heart. The function of ventricles is to send blood to the body, organs and tissues whereas atria takes the blood from body as it circulates back towards heart. CHF progresses when pumping action of the ventricles by some means reduces. In severe cases inside different organs fluids and blood starts accumulating and cause problems.


Most Common Types of CHF

CHF can damage your left ventricle that pumps blood to the body. The main difficulty linked with this type is the filling up of lungs with fluids making difficulty in breathing.

Right sided CHF also stimulates the left sided CHF. It arises when the right ventricle feels difficulty in pumping blood to the receiving lungs. Blood starts accumulating in blood vessels, in lower extremities, abdominal region and other body parts.


Causes of CHF

CHF causes by the other conditions that directly or indirectly affect the cardiovascular system. It is advisable to get proper checkup of your complete body it will help to lower the risk for heart and health problems which may include.

  • High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure is the leading factor towards CHF. Increase in blood pressure normally originate by the abstraction of blood vessels by the accumulation of cholesterol and fats. With increasing age the accumulation is severe and making it harder for blood to travel towards body.


  • Coronary Artery Disease

Coronary arteries are the small arteries supplying blood to the heart. CHF damages the hearts coronary artery by simply restricting the blood to flow. Cholesterol and fats increases blockage in the arteries by narrowing them.

  • Valve Conditions

The blood flow through the heart is managed by the regular opening and closing of the valves of the chambers. Heart chambers which are not working properly will force the ventricles to apply more force to pump the blood.

Symptoms of CHF

In its early stage no change in health will occur but as the condition become serious gradual changes in the body will be felt by the individual. Fatigue is the common symptom of the CHF and you may feel weight gain even though your diet doesn’t change too much. The most prominent symptoms according to the critical situation of CHF include different stages.


  • Fatigue without any hard work
  • Uneven swelling in the ankle, legs and feet as well
  • Excessive weight gain
  • Increase in urination specially at night

Worsen stage:

  • Irregular heartbeat feeling
  • Severe cough from the congested lungs
  • Wheezing

Final Stage:

  • Pain in chest roaring from the upper body a symptom that leads to heart attack as well
  • Irregular increase in the breathing
  • Bluish look on the skin due to lack of oxygen in the lungs
  • Fainting in most worse cases


How Is CHF Diagnosed?

Report all these symptoms to your healthcare after this he or she will definitely refers you to a specialist cardiologist. He will directly examine your heat beat with the help of stethoscope and will report the abnormal heart rhythms. For the confirmation of initial heart diagnosis he may examine your complete heart.

The possible tests include:

  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) which will take clear picture of your heart
  • Stress test will be performed to check the performance of your heart
  • Abnormal blood cells grow and any infection blood tests will be advisable

 Medications and Treatments for CHF


ACE Inhibitors (Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors): the function of ACE inhibitors is to open the narrow blood vessels which will allow improved blood stream. Depending upon body’s patience vasodilators are the alternative options.

Beta-Blockers: They will help to reduce the blood pressure level and in addition moderate the heart rhythm.

Diuretics: to reduce the body’s fluid content diuretics is the best option. CHF will increase body’s ability to retain more fluid than normal cases.  



If medications don’t give positive response then surgery is required. Angioplasty necessitates the opening up of the arteries. In extreme cases surgery of the heart valves will be required.

Authors Bio:

Mr. Kenneth Lucianin is an administration and network undertakings proficient with twenty years of differentiated involvement in Community outreach programs, and civil and state-level enactment. He is a United States Navy veteran positioned at the Pentagon. Going before his opportunity in the military Lucianin went to Bergen Community College and Rutgers University and sought after a degree in Public Affairs.

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