Table of Contents
- Coronary heart disease
- Causes of Coronary Heart Disease
- Symptoms of Coronary Heart Disease
- Examination and Tests
Coronary heart disease
Causes of Coronary Heart Disease
According to one estimate it is the leading cause of death in America both for men and women.
It is caused by the gradual accumulation of the plaque in the arteries also known as hardening of the arteries of heart.
- Fats and other materials may for a plaque on the thin walls of the coronary arteries.
- The function of coronary arteries is to supply blood to the heart as well as oxygen.
- The plaque accumulation causes the arteries to become narrow.
Symptoms of Coronary Heart Disease
Most often the symptoms of disease appears but in some cases no symptoms appear even you are suffering from the coronary heart disease. Most often this situation occurs at early stages of the disease.
Pain the chest region and loss of comfort are the common symptoms which appears at first. The pain arises due to the deficiency of blood or oxygen. The depth of the pain varied from individual to individual.
- You feel burden in the chest region just like someone is enfolding heart. Severe pain will be felt under the breast bone. The other parts may also be affected and pain can be felt in other areas as well.
- The pain occurs while you are working or during emotional feeling.
- Nitroglycerine will give relief against this condition.
- The other symptoms include shortening of breath and uncertain fatigue.
Examination and Tests
The doctor will examine and will advise you more than one test before diagnosis. The possible tests include:
- Coronary angiography is nothing else than examining arteries through x-rays.
- Echocardiogram specified for stress.
- Electrocardiogram the common ECG.
- Electron beam computed tomography (EBCT) needs to justify the calcium accumulation in the arteries, because calcium initiates the CHD.
- Heart CT Scan
- Stress test
- Additional Nuclear Stress test
Combination of medicines is advisable to control the factors leading to CHD they may be high cholesterol, diabetes and blood pressure. Additionally follow he direction given by the doctor to get secure.
The purpose for treating CHD patients is:
- The blood pressure should be lower than 140/80 mmHg.
- If you are suffering from diabetes then your HbA1c levels will be investigated and brought to the lower levels.
- LDL level must be lowered before treatment.
Treatment depends on the condition and symptoms of the disease. You must be aware about:
- Medicines used in treating angina
- What to do when you have pain in chest
- individual need to be active when suffering from heart disease
- Always eat those diet which are healthy and have no risk associated with them relating heart
Take medicines until your doctor advices to stop them. Cutting down medicines without permission of doctor may lead to worsen angina or sometimes a heart attack.
In some cases you are referred to some cardiac recovery program for improving heart fitness.
- Angioplasty is advisable in most of the cases while in some cases stent placement will be done which is also called percutaneous coronary interventions.
- Alternatively coronary artery bypass is also healthy treatment.
- In some cases minimal invasive heart surgery will be done.