Table of Contents
- Who Is Affected by Epilepsy?
- Seizures and Epilepsy
- Symptoms of Epilepsy and Seizures
- Epilepsy Symptoms
- Causes of Epilepsy and Seizure
- Causes of Epilepsy
- Causes of Seizures
Epilepsy is characterized by disorders in which individual has tendency for recurrent seizures. Both epilepsy and seizure have different types. Epilepsy drugs are helpful for both seizures and epilepsy and in some cases surgery is also advisable if medications dont work properly.
Who Is Affected by Epilepsy?
Epilepsy is common condition almost affecting 0.5% to 1% of current population. In America almost 2.5 million individuals are suffering from epilepsy and according to one estimate almost 9% of Americans are suffering by at least one seizures in their life.
Seizures and Epilepsy
Seizure is condition in which electrical impulses of brain escape their normal limits. In this way they spread in different parts of the brain and interrupt the electrical activities as a result of storm inside the brain. The electrical impulses in turn transmits in to muscles as a result twitches and convulsions may occur.
Symptoms of Epilepsy and Seizures
Neurological problems represents many types of repetitive behavior and a doctor always need to characterize whether or not individual has seizures or not.
Generalized seizures: almost all parts of your brain are involved in generalized seizure. In some cases it is also known as grand mal seizures. The epileptic patients with this kind of seizures ma cry out or create different kinds of sounds. After that may stiffen for few seconds and then followed by rhythmic movements of body specifically arms and legs. The rhythmic movements may slow down before stopping. The eyes remained open and the individual appears as not breathing and turns in to blue. After that a period of noisy breaths starts. Gradually the person returns in to consciousness and remained confuse for few minutes. Due to electrical shock the loss of urine occurs in most of the individuals.
Partial or focal seizures: in that particular condition only some part of the brain is involved so that part will be affected. Depending on the affected area symptoms may vary such as if the part which is controlling movements of hands is affected then only hands show uneven jerky movements. If other parts of the brain are affected then symptoms are different such as sensation feeling in the stomach or smacking of the lips are common. In some cases the individual appears as confused of dazed. This is sometimes characterized by the doctors as complex seizure and doctors describe it as a condition in between fully alert and unconsciousness.
Absence or petit mal seizures: these types are common mostly in childhood. Blinking of different parts or other movements may be seen. These seizures are not long lasting and only remain for few seconds.
Causes of Epilepsy and Seizure
Causes of Epilepsy
Almost 180,000 new cases of epilepsy are reported every year. Among them almost 30% are reported in children. Epilepsy is more common in children an in elderly adults. Epilepsy can be caused by different reason and the common causes include:
Ø Deficiency of oxygen during birth.
Ø Head or brain injuries during birth or due to some kind of accident during early age.
Ø Brain tumor is the leading cause of epilepsy.
Ø Some kind of genetic disorder in the brain such as tuber sclerosis.
Ø It may be caused by several kinds of infections such as meningitis or encephalitis.
Ø Results from stroke or some kind of injury to the brain.
Ø Lower levels of some agents such as sodium or blood sugar.
It is generalized that in 70% of epileptic conditions in children no cause has been identified.
Causes of Seizures
As we know that the causes of epilepsy are not well known but it is known that certain factors are known to increase seizures in epileptic patients. The most identified causes of seizures are:
Ø Irregularity in the medications.
Ø Excessive use of alcoholic products
Ø Excessive use of cocaine or ecstasy
Ø Poor sleeping habits
In women who are epileptic seizures tend to appear during menstruation.
Treatment of Epilepsy
Most of the time epileptic patients are controlled with the help of drug therapy. Diet control is also advisable along with medications. And in cases when medication and diet both become ineffective then surgery is advisable. The treatment depends on different factors which include frequency and how severe is the seizures and also on the persons age.
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