Food Poisoning, Signs, Symptoms, and Treatment
Food Poising is a common type of illness caused due to contaminated food. It is not a serious and most of the people recovered soon with medical assistant. It may last for few days.
Bacteria is the leading cause of food poisoning, such as salmonella or Escherichia Coli, or might be due to virus such as norovirus.
Signs and symptoms
The signs and symptoms of food poisoning starts appearing within 1 or 2 days of eating contaminated food, but they can also start appearing within hours, all depends on body metabolism system. However, the symptoms may appear after several weeks, there are different conditions and depends on the metabolic reactions. The common symptoms of food poising include:
- Sickness with nausea
- Urge for vomiting
- Diarrhea, with mucus or blood
- Abdominal pain associated with cramps
- Weakness and lack of energy, creating hurdle in daily activities
- Loss of appetite
- Fever usually high temperature
- Aching of muscles
- Chills, shivering and tremoring
Although, the symptoms are irritating but they may pass in a few days and people can make complete recovery soon after treatment.
What to do
It is a common observation that most of the people recover at home and don’t need medical attention, although in some cases you must need to visit your GP to have better advice and possible treatment.
Until and unless you feel better, you must need to take proper rest and use fluids which help to prevent dehydration. Simple you can do is to drink water as much as you can, even if you can only sip water. Meanwhile, you can also take drinks which are enriched with nutrients, it will help to overcome the weakness caused due to diarrohea.
Eat foods when you are up to it, but donot eat more than desire, you should start with light foods at first, and then go for bland foods. The most common you can eat is bread, toast, bananas, cracker, and rice. If you feel better then you can try hard foods as well but with limited quantity.
The most common you can do is to take oral rehydration solutions (ORS), available in pharmacies, mostly recommended for more vulnerable people, including both elederly and people with another health condition.
You should visit your GP if:
- If due to vomiting you are unable to take or engulf food, and symptoms are severe.
- If your health don’t improve after few days
- If you have severe dehydration, which might cause confusion, sunken eyes, rapid heartbeat, and having little or no urine
- For ladies, if you are pregnant immediately visit GP
- If your age is above 60
- If you have no signs of food poising and rest of the family members have
- If you are affected with any long term underlying conditions such as heart valve disease, inflammatory bowel disease, diabetes, and kidney problems.
- If you have weak immune system, and have cancer or HIV.
All these conditions can be severe, if proper medication is not carried out, and worsen your condition.