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Fungal Infections of Skin Causes, Symptoms and Medication

Fungal Infections of Skin 

Fungus can attack on any part of the skin and fungal infections are very common and include the most alarming athletes foot, itch, jock, ring worm and sometimes yeast infections as well.

fungal infection

Athlete’s Foot

It is the most common type of fungal infection of the foot and also known as the tinea pedia. It is identified by serious itching, redness, blisters and sores that leads to severe burning. Warm, moist environment such as socks, swimming pools, socks, locker rooms are the ideal places for its growth. It mostly infect in the summer season when climate is humid. It mostly infect those people who wear tight shoes over the whole day and take their baths at common places.

athlete foot

Causes of Athlete’s Foot

It is caused by microscopic fungus mostly resides on dead cells and tissues of toenails, hair and muscular areas such as skin layers. Four major types of fungus have been identified that causes athletes foot, among these the most common is the trichophyton ruburn.

Symptoms of Athlete’s Foot

Symptoms of athletes foot depends on the individual infected and vary from individual to individual. However the most common symptoms ae

  • Cracking, peeling and scales appearance on the skin
  • Blisters formation leading to redness and break down of skin at different places
  • Sometimes itching and burning of skin

Common types of Athlete’s Foot

  1. Interdigital: It is the most common type of athlete’s foot also known as toe web infection. It mostly occurs in between the toe and middle finger. It leads to itching, scaling, burning and infection that may spread to the sole as well.
  2. Moccasin: It begins with minor irritation, itching, dryness, or at the scaly skin. During its development the skin becomes thicker and crack the major sign of infection. This is prominent at the sole of the foot and sometime at the sides of the foot as well.
  3. Vesicular: It is the least common type. It is commonly characterized by the blisters that are filled with fluid. Most of the time the blisters starts developing on the under surface of the foot such as sole, but they can also develop in between the toes or on the upper surface of the foot as well.

How Is Athletes Foot Diagnosed?

Diagnosing athlete’s foot is an art because not all types of itch and scaly foots have the infection.  The only way to diagnose the infection is that doctor scrub the scale and then examine it under the advance microscopes to deal with the fungus.

Treatment of Athletes Foot

The common medications are the antifungal which needs to place directly on the skin. But in some cases oral drugs are also advisable depending on the condition. The feet must be dry and clean because fungus grow in moist environment.

Preventions for Athletes Foot

It include wearing shower sandals, wear shoes having some opening and wash feet with cleaner and soap. Dry your feet thoroughly and use some quality powder.

Jock Itch

It is mostly caused by the fungus tinea and also known as tinea cruris. It mostly grows in warm and moist areas and mostly infects genitals, buttocks and inner thighs as well. Fungus infects mostly in summer season and in areas having wet climates. It appears as red rash and is often in the form of rings.

jock itch

Is Jock Itch Contagious?

It is not very contagious and condition may vary from individual to individual. It can spread through normal contact or sometime indirectly from objects carrying the fungus.

Symptoms of Jock Itch

Common symptoms of jock itch are

  1. Chafing, itching leading to burning in groin or thigh
  2. A red rash in the form of ring with elevated edges
  3. Reddish appearance in the groin and thigh
  4. Peeling, flaking, or cracks in the skin

How Is Jock Itch Diagnosed?

It is diagnosed on the appearance and location of infection. It is always advisable that if you are not completely aware of the condition then consult with a doctor. The confirmation can be only made by the complete examination of the scaly skin.

Treatment of Jock Itch

The most advisable treatment for jock itch is to clean and dry the infected area properly and use topical antifungal medications. The antifungal medications are available in the form of creams and sprays. During treatment keep some basic ideas in mind

  • Wash and clean the infected parts with towel
  • Apply the antifungal powder or cream directly
  • Change under garments everyday


It is not a worm but a skin infection caused by the fungus and is also known as tinea corporis. It can be seen on any part of the body and is characterized by red, circular and flat sore. The sore is covered by scaly skin. The most common appearance of ringworm is that the skin is raised at the outer part of the sore while at the center it appears to be normal. It is not a serious disease to be worried about.


Is Ringworm Contagious?

It spread in conditions if you have a direct contact with the infected person. It can also spread through clothing or furniture and warm and moist weather help to spread the fungus.

Symptoms of Ringworm

It appears in the form of red, circular or flat sore mostly surrounded by the scaly skin. More than one patch at a time may appear on the skin. The patches and red rings may overlap. It is most probable that you have ringworm without any reddish appearance.

How Is Ringworm Diagnosed?

Ringworm can be diagnose on the basis of the symptoms. The doctor have to take the skin sample by scraping the infected area and confirm the infection by properly examining under the microscope.

Treatment of Ringworm

Treatment includes the antifungal medications applied directly on the infected skin. The common creams include Lamisil, Micatin, Monistat-Derm, Mycelex, and Lotrimin. Oral drugs are advisable in case of severe ringworm infections.

Yeast Infections

These are caused by yeast like candida and are called cutaneous candidiasis. They are likely to be active when yeast starts growing o the skin as red, itchy rash with scale formation on the skin. Yeast infections are most likely to occur in warm and humid environment. This infection is more common in obese and in those people who are diabetic. People who are taking antibiotic are at high risk as well.  It has the ability to cause rash in infants due to diaper, occurs in mouth as oral thrush and in severe cases vaginal yeast infection may occur.

yeast infection

Symptoms of a Yeast Infection

Common symptoms of yeast infection are

  1. Rash with patches owing to fluid formation
  2. Pimples with fluid
  3. Burning as a result of itching
  4. Pain as a result of swelling and pus formation
  5. Whitening or yellowish nails
  6. Tongue is affected by white patches and severe pain
  7. Yellow and white fluid secretion from the vagina
  8. Reddish appearance on the external side of vagina
  9. Burning in severe cases

How Are Yeast Infections Diagnosed?

Complete medical history is the pre requisite condition for diagnosing a yeast infection. After this doctor need to scrape skin of the infected area and then examine under the microscope.

Treatment of Yeast Infection

Treatment depends on the kind and condition of yeast. Skin yeast infections can be easily treated by creams. Vaginal infection can be treated through medicated suppositories. Oral infection can be treated through lozenges.



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