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Glossite, what is it? Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Glossitis is an infection of the tongue, caused by an allergy to food additives, toothpaste, or others. The consumption of tobacco, alcohol, fatty and spicy foods can also lead to the development of glossitis.

Definition of glossite

Glossitis is characterized by swelling, and a change of color of the tongue. This condition is also defined by a language that becomes smooth.

The causes of glossitis

Glossitis is often the consequence of other attacks such as:

  • an allergic reaction to toothpaste, products used in mouthwashes, dyes used in sweets, and others
  • the presence of Sjorgen syndrome , which is characterized in particular by a destruction of the salivary glands
  • a bacterial or viral infection (such as herpes for example)
  • following burn surgery, placement of a dental appliance, etc.
  • iron deficiency or vitamin B12 deficiency
  • certain skin disorders, such as erythema , syphilis , and others
  • consumption of tobacco, alcohol, fatty foods, spices and other irritating foods.
  • an infection with a fungus

In addition, the risk of developing glossitis is also increased if this condition is present in the family circle.

Evolution and possible complications of glossitis

The complications related to glossitis include:

  • a blockage of the airways
  • Difficulty chewing, talking and swallowing
  • daily discomfort.

The symptoms of glossitis

The clinical signs and general symptoms of glossitis sometimes appear quickly and sometimes more slowly, depending on the case. These include:

  • Difficulty chewing, swallowing and talking
  • the surface of the tongue, initially rough, which becomes smooth
  • pain in the tongue
  • a change in the color of the language
  • the tongue that swells.

Risk factors for glossitis

Glossitis is a condition that develops as a result of an underlying pathology; risk factors are particularly allergies to food additives, toothpaste, and others. But also other pathologies.

The consumption of alcohol and tobacco are also important risk factors in the development of glossitis.

Prevent glossite?

The prevention of glossitis goes particularly through good oral hygiene: brush regularly and correctly teeth do regular checks at the dentist, avoid the consumption of tobacco and alcohol, etc.

Glossite treatment

The goal of treating glossitis is, first and foremost, to reduce the importance of symptoms. The majority of patients do not need to be hospitalized to receive care. However, hospitalization is necessary in case of significant swelling in the tongue, which may limit breathing.

The management of glossitis includes good oral hygiene, antibiotics and antifungals in case of bacterial infections and / or fungus.

Eliminating certain irritants, such as spicy foods, alcohol and tobacco is also part of glossite management.

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