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Hemiplegia, what is it? Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Hemiplegia is a peculiar form of paralysis, which can affect the right side as well as the left side of the body. It is caused by brain damage, which can be from birth or stroke.

Definition of hemiplegia

Hemiplegia is paralysis on one side of the body. It can concern either the left side or the right side.

This form of paralysis is caused by damage to the brain, such as a stroke stroke . Hemiplegia can also develop at birth.

The causes of hemiplegia.

Hemiplegia is caused by damage to the brain. This attack can develop before birth or during childbirth. This is congenital hemiplegia. The exact source of such a form of hemiplegia is often unknown.

This form of paralysis can also develop as a result of a stroke stroke.

An attack on the right side of the brain causes paralysis of the left side of the body. And vice versa .

Hemiplegia mainly affects children, especially premature babies. This disease affects almost one in every 1,000 births.

Who is affected by hemiplegia?

Hemiplegia can affect any individual following a stroke, for example. However, babies and particularly premature infants are at higher risk of hemiplegia.

Evolution and possible complications of hemiplegia

The importance of the disease is diagnosed when the child becomes a little older. Functional attacks, more or less important, are the characteristics: difficulties to walk for example.

Frequent physiotherapy sessions allow the individual to adapt to the maximum daily.

The symptoms of hemiplegia

The main symptoms of hemiplegia are muscle weakness and paralysis on one side of the body. The severity of the disease depends on the individual and the brain damage.

General clinical signs include:

  • difficulties to walk
  • an imbalance depending on the side reached
  • a deficiency or even a complete absence of traction of the arm and the leg of the affected side

Since this is primarily an attack on the brain, other symptoms can also be associated:

  • speech difficulties
  • visual problems
  • behavioral disorders
  • learning difficulties
  • of seizures
  • developmental delay and in learning.

How to treat hemiplegia?

Hemiplegia can not be treated. Only the management of clinical signs and symptoms improves the quality of life of hemiplegic patients.

The physical therapy can be an undeniable aid in the management of hemiplegic, particularly in children.


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