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Hypertensive heart disease, Causes, Prevention, Problems and Medications

Table of Contents

  1. Hypertensive heart disease
  2. Causes
  3. Contact a Medical Professional
  4. Prevention
  5. Problems associated with Hypertension
  6. Medications for Hypertension

Hypertensive heart disease

It is referred to problems which arises due to high blood pressure. The common problems mostly include:

  • The dangerous coronary artery disease and severe angina.
  • Most of the time heart failure.
  • Hypertrophy refers to the thickening of the cardiac muscles.



High blood pressure occurs when inside the blood vessels pressure of the blood increases. To pump blood against pressure heart has to do more work. It results in the thickening of the heart muscles. Heart failure occurs when you are not properly treating your cause of blood pressure. In severe cases heart muscle become thick enough so that they cannot get enough oxygen and as a result angina occur a condition in which you feel pain in the chest region. High blood pressure also causes the vessels to become thicker when it is combined with cholesterol. At this stage the risk of heart attack is at its maximum. Hypertensive heart diseases are the major cause of death from high blood pressure.


Contact a Medical Professional

Immediately contact your doctor in case of high blood pressure.


There are no real symptoms of blood pressure, so most of the people are affected by it without knowing it. The symptoms appear after having a poor blood pressure control for many years. Symptoms of blood pressure may arise when blood pressure raises too high. Diagnosing blood pressure will surely help to minimize heart related diseases such as stroke, chronic kidney disease and sometimes eye problems. If you are suffering from high blood pressure then you need to consult a doctor and keep and keep it under control.


There are more than 970 million people who have high blood pressure. The ratio is much lower in the developed countries than in the developing countries. The world health organizations have launched that this is the major cause of the premature death. According to one estimate in the calendar year 2025 almost 1.56 billion adults will be suffering from hypertension.

The high blood pressure can be defined as the systolic blood pressure above 140 mmHg or diastolic pressure above 90 mmHg. In case of systolic blood pressure it is the pressure in the arteries when heart muscles contract. Diastolic pressure refers to the minimum pressure between the hearts contraction.

Problems associated with Hypertension

Hypertension is the leading cause for coronary artery disease. Hypertension causes more than 50% of ischemic strokes. Hypertension suppresses the blood vessels and results in a blood clot. Atherosclerosis is another heart disease caused by the hypertension n which blood vessels become narrow due to some plaque or high cholesterol level. In some cases it damages the arteries in such a way that they may rupture at different places or balloon form in which blood clots occur commonly known as aneuvirism. Uneven increase in the blood pressure in people less than 45 years old causes cardiovascular risks. While with increasing age the systolic blood pressure causes the main problems associated with heart. Additionally elevated blood pressure is one of the cause of aging. Diet containing less salts can reduce the risk of high blood pressure.


Medications for Hypertension

Chlorthalidone, bumetanide, furosemide, spironolactone, hydrochlorothiazide, indapamide, metolazone, amiloride hydrochloride, triamterene.

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