Hypochondria are akin to chronic anxiety, a state of anxiety about one’s own state of health.
Hypochondria, what is it?
To be hypochondriac, what is it?
Hypochondria are a state of anxiety, excessive anxiety about one’s own state of health that causes chronic anxiety and disrupts daily life.
Some hypochondriacs show symptoms (chest pain, severe headaches, etc.) leading to anxiety about the deterioration of this state of health. Other cases have no symptoms, or underlying explanation. A situation of excessive anxiety in the face of a good general state of health is significant of pathology not to be neglected: hypochondria.
Other cases of hypochondria may also be related to concerns about future health: risk of developing cancer, cardiovascular disease , dying, etc.
Hypochondriacs can then fall into extreme situations:
- the need to constantly search for health information or the need for insurance;
- The eviction of everything that speaks touches or testifies to health (eviction of television programs relating to health, refusal to consult the doctor, etc.).
Neither of these two strategies can cope with the disease. Each of them is the consequence of a vicious circle that can be all the more aggravating for your health…
The causes of hypochondria
The causes of the disease are diverse. Indeed, many factors can cause concerns about his state of health.
Hypochondria can develop over a specific period of one’s life, as a result of illness or death in the family, or the development of hypochondria in one’s environment.
Personality is an important factor in the development of such pathology. For example, a person of a stressed and uneasy nature will be more subject to the development of hypochondriac behavior. Individuals who have difficulty managing their emotions and dramatizing the situation will also be more concerned.
In some cases, hypochondria may be due to depression or generalized anxiety , behavioral or mood disorders. In this context, the source of the disease must be identified and treated as soon as possible.
Who is affected by hypochondria
Anyone may be concerned about hypochondria. However, people who are more sensitive to depression, anxiety, and stress are at increased risk of developing hypochondria.
Evolution of hypochondria
The management of hypochondria should be done as soon as possible to find the origin of the disease but also to limit the side effects and possible consequences.
In fact, an excessive anxiety can affect the patient’s daily life, but also his family life as well as his social life. Self-containment is strongly related to hypochondriacal risk.
Symptoms and treatments of hypochondria.
Symptoms of hypochondria
The symptoms of hypochondria can be acute: in the form of hypochondriac crises, or chronic, anxious state in the long term.
The associated physiological signs may be pain in different parts of the body, cramps, palpitations, sensations of increased heart rate, skin blemishes (pimples ), menstrual delays, etc. These symptoms are felt to be disturbing to the patient with hypochondria, in the sense that they would necessarily be underlying complications.
Apprehension of getting sick can also be the source of other symptoms: dizziness, headache, choking, etc. These consequences can then go up to the crisis of anxiety or the panic attack.
Risk factors of hypochondria
The risk factors for such pathology are related to a general state of anxiety, to a stressed nature and to make it easier to “dramatize everything”.
Depression can also be an additional risk factor for the development of hypochondria.
Nevertheless, in many cases, the exact causes are unknown and the hypochondria occur suddenly, without any particular reason.
Age can also be part of the parameter promoting the hypochondriac state. In fact, as we age, the apprehension of age-related pathologies and death is felt more strongly.
Following the diagnosis of hypochondria by the general practitioner, whose origin is innocuous and unrelated to pathology and / or underlying conditions, further examinations will be prescribed. These allow the search for symptoms and / or problems causing such a development: depression, anxiety, etc.
In the context of a diagnosis of a psychological attack, such as a depressive or anxious state, a consultation with a psychologist or a psychiatrist can then be beneficial.
Drug treatments may also be subject to alleviation of hypochondriac symptoms: antidepressants for example.
The search for the original source of the hypochondriac state is unavoidable in the attenuation of symptoms. The questioning of the patient, by the general practitioner and / or by a specialist in psychology or psychiatry can be an aid in this research.