Tendinitis of the knee is defined by inflammation of the tendon constituting the knee. It is particularly associated with athletes and workers whose activity requires repeated and / or sudden activities.
Definition of knee tendinitis
Tendinitis is defined as inflammation of the tendon. Tendinitis of the knee is then linked to an infection of one of the tendons that make up the knee.
Tendons are elastic structures that link the muscle to the bone. They allow in particular the setting in movement of the body, allowing the activation of the skeletal system and the joints, during the muscular contraction.
The main pathologies associated with tendons are:
- the tendinitis or tendon inflammation
- Tendinopathy, characterized by progressive deterioration of the tendon
- tendinosynovitis, corresponding to inflammation of the synovial sheath, membrane surrounding the tendon
- Tendon rupture.
These tendon assignments are usually the consequence of more or less important sports activities. But also by the realization of a too abrupt movement, such as a jump or a launch, poorly controlled. The repetition of the same action, with great strain on the tendon, can also lead to tendon damage. The running is the best example.
Tendinitis of the knee is particularly characteristic for athletes, especially athletes.
Tendinitis of the crow’s feet is a form of tendonitis of the knee. The inflamed tendon is localized at the posterolateral aspect of the knee. It concerns, once again, more particularly athletes whose actions on the knee are in great demand.
Causes of knee tendinitis
Tendinitis is usually the cause of excessive strains tendons, especially those of the knees, elbow, shoulder or ankle and wrist.
Tendinitis of the knee affects especially athletes, whose activity requires repeated and / or sudden movements in the knees. The sports most often associated with the development of tendinitis of the knee are: athletics, running, football, dance or even cycling.
Beyond sport, other activities are not to neglect in the risk of developing tendinitis. Particularly in the context of manual work activities: load bearing requiring flexion and repeated extensions of the knees, regular work on his knees, and others.
Who is affected by tendonitis of the knee?
Athletes, including athletes, footballers, dancers, cyclists, and others, are a category of people at higher risk of developing such an attack.
Workers whose job requires excessive knee loading are also at increased risk of knee tendonitis.
Symptoms of knee tendinitis
The clinical signs and symptoms most commonly associated with knee tendinitis are:
- pain in the knee, amplified during the setting in motion of it
- stiffness felt in the knee, felt more awake
- knee tendon weakness, making it difficult to move
- a sensation of crunches of the knee when put in motion
- visible knee swelling, sometimes with a feeling of warmth
- The formation of a nodule, at the level of the affected tendon.
Tendinitis, resulting in a long rest period and severe and persistent pain, can also lead to more general symptoms: headaches, general tiredness, etc. Some movements, requiring a more or less consistent solicitation of the knee, can be difficult, if not impossible.
Risk factors for knee tendinitis
The risk factors for the development of knee tendinitis are: intensive sports practice, repeated and / or sudden movements, knee work or repeated daily actions.
How to prevent tendonitis of the knee?
There is a reduction in the risk of knee tendonitis and prevention methods. Among those:
- warm up before a sports activity or a sudden exercise and / or soliciting and stretch well after
- be well equipped (proper footwear, specific equipment, hydration, etc.) as part of a physical activity
- seek the advice of experienced specialists and coaches as part of a performance improvement
- refer to professionals for learning stretching exercises
- avoid repetitive and abrupt movements as much as possible
- Well hydrate before, during and after physical exertion.
As part of a work activity, soliciting consistently knees, break periods, adapted equipment or training gestures and postures can also demonstrate a reduction in risk.
How to treat tendonitis of the knee?
The cessation of the activity in question is the first phase of knee tendonitis treatment.
Paracetamol or Ibuprofen can be used for pain relief. The application of cold, at the level of the pain zone, can also decrease the symptoms.
The doctor may prescribe physiotherapy sessions or even corticosteroids, in the most serious cases.
In rare cases, surgery may be recommended for the long-term treatment and inefficiency of the means specified above.