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Malaise: how to define and explain this phenomenon? Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Malaise is a broad term that can be defined as the sensation of a dysfunction of the body . A feeling of discomfort can lead to a loss of muscle tone or loss of consciousness.

What is malaise?

Discomfort is defined as a state of pronounced discomfort , a feeling of dysfunction of the body or an important sense of discomfort. It results in disorders of alertness and consciousness , which can lead to:

  • either a loss of muscle tone , called hypotonia;
  • or a transient loss of knowledge .

A discomfort usually appears brutally. If its development is progressive, the discomfort evolves very quickly, in a few minutes. A discomfort is limited in time. Its intensity is variable and depends primarily on its origin.

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What are the different types of discomfort?

Behind the Malay word, we can distinguish:

  • Lipothymic discomfort: Lipothymia is characterized by a sensation of discomfort without loss of consciousness. Suddenly and fleetingly, a lipothymic discomfort usually manifests itself as a sensation of vertigo .
  • Syncope: It refers to discomfort accompanied by a brief, sudden and total loss of consciousness. Syncope is caused by a decrease in cerebral blood flow.
  • The vagal or vasovagal syncope: This form of syncope is one of knowledge losses short the most common term. The vagal discomfort is due to an imbalance between the parasympathetic nervous system to slow the heart rate and the sympathetic nervous system to accelerate it.
  • Seizures: The discomfort is accompanied by a sudden loss of consciousness, a fall and convulsions.

What are the common causes of discomfort?

The occurrence of discomfort can be promoted by certain factors such as:

  • stress, anxiety, anxiety, panic ;
  • a state of hypoglycemia (hypoglycemic discomfort);
  • emotional shock (emotional malaise)
  • phobias ;
  • a strong heat ;
  • dehydration ;
  • taking certain drugs ;

fatigue .

What are the pathological causes of a malaise?

Malaise may be due to the development of an illness:

  • of cardiovascular origin , especially during a cerebrovascular accident (cardiac malaise);
  • of neurological origin , especially during epileptic seizures (epileptic malaise).

Who are the people at risk of discomfort?

Given the different forms of discomfort, everyone is concerned about the risk of discomfort. Nevertheless, some people are at higher risk, such as:

  • old people ;
  • pregnant women ;
  • hypertensives;
  • people with epilepsy.

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What is the risk of complication after discomfort?

Although a malaise is transient, it can have long-term consequences. These can impact different organs. The occurrence and severity of these consequences depends in particular on the origin of the discomfort, the associated symptoms, and the occurrence or not of a loss of consciousness. The risk of complications is higher in cases of repetitive discomfort and seizures. Medical advice and exams are required.

What are the symptoms of discomfort?

Depending on the case and the people, discomfort can result in different symptoms such as:

  • sensations of rotation, displacement or instability;
  • a weakness more or less intense;
  • hot flashes
  • nausea ;
  • a pallor;
  • sweats;
  • vision problems;
  • hearing disorders;
  • a brief loss of consciousness;
  • a fall ;
  • convulsions;
  • etc.

What to do in case of discomfort?

During a discomfort without loss of consciousness, it is advisable to sit or lie down while the feeling of discomfort dissipates. In the majority of cases, vagal discomfort is minor, with the exception of the fall which may present a risk. It is also necessary to treat the origin of this discomfort to limit the recurrence of this discomfort. For example, rapid glucose intake is recommended for hypoglycaemic malaise.

Discomfort may require emergency medical consultation. This is particularly the case when the discomfort is accompanied by:

  • loss of consciousness.
  • convulsions;
  • other painful and uncomfortable symptoms such as chest pain, difficulty breathing, pallor or sweating.

How to prevent a discomfort?

The occurrence of certain discomforts can be avoided thanks to certain preventive measures:

  • adopt a healthy and balanced diet;
  • maintain a healthy lifestyle;
  • practice regular physical activity;
  • limit stressors.

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