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Moles, Types, Causes and Treatment



Melanocytes make small colored spots on the skin, which produces color in the skin are known as moles.

However, the scientific term used to describe moles melanocytic naevi. The moles are usually of brown color, although some may get skin colored. They can be of different textures such as raised or flat, rough or smooth, and sometimes hair may grow above them. Moles may be oval shaped or circular. The number and appearance of moles varied. Some of them may fade over the time without being noticed by you. They are known to respond the changes in the hormone such as:

  • During pregnancy they may get darker
  • During teenage they increase in number
  • During old age they may disappear around 40-50 years.

 Types of moles

Over the years number of different types of moles have been identified:

  • Junctional melanocytic naevi: they are normally flat or round and brown in color
  • Dermal melanocytic naevi: they are associated with hairs, raised and pale
  • Compound melanocytic naevi: they are normally raised over the skin, hairy and light brown in color

Some rare types of moles may also exist which are:

  • Halo naevi: they are surrounded by white ring, and the color of the skin usually go away
  • Atypical or dysplastic naevi: unusual or slightly larger moles with variety of colors which may be flat or bumpy
  • Blue naevi: these are usually in dark blue color

When and why do moles develop?

In some cases the moles are identified before birth, however, most of the moles are usually develop before 30 years of age. Moreover, it is capitalized that moles affect usually people having fair skin then those having dark skin. It is also identified that moles are more likely to affect you if you have inherited from you family.

Harmless moles

Mostly, the moles are harmless, but they may affect you confidence, may be nuisance, and likely during clothing or you may cut them during shave. Although, the surgical treatment is expensive, but these moles are always treated like the way as mentioned. Along with this you can also offered the clinical treatment via cosmetics.

Checking your skin

You must check your skin on regular basis, for all the new moles which are developing during teenage years, or any changes to the already present moles. A mole can change shape in weeks or it may take months to change.

Cancerous moles

As mentioned above most of the moles are harmless i.e. they are benign (non-cancerous), while they can also develop melanoma, which is an aggressive form of cancer.  They usually characterized as dark, and are growing very fast, where there is already a mole and change the shape, size, and overall texture of the mole. The only treatment of melanoma is surgery, although the treatment may also depend on the condition of the mole and how advance it is. If melanoma is identified at the earliest possible time then surgery leads to the complete removal of melanoma, and you only need to care and prevent the melanoma to reoccur.

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