Myalgia is the term commonly used to characterize muscle pain. The latter may be the consequence of an influenza state, lumbago or muscular aches linked to a sports effort.
Definition of myalgia
Myalgia is a term commonly used to characterize pain in the muscles.
Several origins can be associated with this kind of affection of the muscular system: a muscular hypertonia (stiffness), or a traumatism suffered at the level of the muscles (aches, lumbago, stiff neck, etc.). These muscle pains can also be felt in the context of diseases and other diseases: influenza , hepatitis , poliomyelitis , rheumatoid arthritis , etc.
In some cases, the development of myalgia may be the underlying explanation for the development of a much more serious pathology: tetanus for example, or peritonitis.
Causes of myalgia
Many may be the causes of the development of myalgia.
These can be consequences related to the development of certain pathologies: influenza, hepatitis, poliomyelitis, rheumatoid arthritis, etc.
But more generally, muscle pain is the result of an excessive strain on the muscular system (intense physical effort causing lumbago, muscle aches following a sports activity, etc.).
In rare cases, it can also be a link with the development of a more important pathology: tetanus or peritonitis.
Who is affected by myalgia?
Myalgia is the term commonly used in the context of muscle pain; each individual can be faced with this kind of attack.
Athletes, whose muscular efforts may be important, are more concerned with the development of myalgia.
Finally, patients with polyarthritis, low back pain, and other rheumatoid arthritis are more subject to myalgia.
The symptoms of myalgia.
Myalgia is synonymous with muscle pain. In this sense, the symptoms associated with this attack of the locomotor system are: pain, stiffness, tingling, discomfort in the execution of muscle movements, etc.
Risk factors for myalgia
The sources of myalgia are diverse and varied. In this sense, the risk factors are just as important.
The potential risk factors for myalgia are:
- an infection with the flu virus
- physical exertion too abrupt and / or intense causing a lumbago
- The presence of an underlying pathology: peritonitis, tetanus, etc.
- An intense and / or long-lasting sports activity generating aches and pains.
How to treat myalgia?
The management of muscle pain is first and foremost the management of their cause. In order to reduce myalgia, the prescription of local and general analgesics (pain relievers) as well as relaxants can be combined.