Neurosis is one of the diseases of the personality. It is usually not serious and associated behavioral disorders are often minor.
Definition of neurosis
The origin of the neurosis is often related to a more or less recent trauma that has impacted the psychological state of the person. The patient is fully aware of these disorders and is not at all “disconnected” from reality.
The psychological disorders associated with neurosis are usually emotional. The subject, however, is aware, quite accurately, of the psychological malaise he is facing. This awareness allows him especially to seek the cause of this suffering and thus to take charge of this evil more effectively.
The different types of neuroses:
- the panic disorder ;
- the chronic anxiety , which combines a state of anxiety on a long term (over three months);
- the anxiety neurosis , directly or indirectly related to acute or chronic anxiety;
- the phobia concerning a poorly-hearth condition in a situation or a phobic element;
- the hysterical neurosis , on a psychological and physical state hysterical;
- the obsessional neurosis.
Causes of neurosis
There is not only one cause of neurosis but a combination of factors.
Genetics can play a role in this type of pathology. Indeed, genes inherited from parents can lead to psychological damage associated with neurosis. Nevertheless, research on the genes involved must be carried out.
A deficiency of neurotransmitters (chemical messengers allowing the transmission of signals in the brain) can also be the source of a neurosis.
Anomalies in brain development have also been identified in the development of such pathology. The parts of the cerebral cortex most often affected by these disorders are: the amygdala, the hippocampus or the orbitofrontal cortex.
The social and family environment of the patient may also play a negative role in this context. Especially in the context of sexual abuse, chronic exposure to distressing situations, distress (especially in children), abandonment of parents, mental disorders, etc.
Who is affected by neurosis?
Each individual may be faced with a more or less important neurosis.
However, some individuals are more so than others. This according to their past, their history, their relationships, their personality, etc.
Symptoms and treatments of neurosis.
The symptoms of neurosis
A set of clinical signs and symptoms may be associated with a neurotic state.
Among these we can mention:
- the emotional instability : sadness, nervousness, shame, panic, loneliness, etc. ;
- a disturbed perception of things : questioning one’s personality, perception of non-existent voices, hallucinations, etc. ;
- a compulsive behavior : need to hurt, achieving things irresponsibly, drug use, etc. ;
- of unstable social relationships : harassment of a member of his entourage, threatening behavior or violent towards his entourage, etc. ;
Risk factors of neurosis
The neurotic state can affect each and every one. However, a predominance of the risk of developing a neurosis is visible in “more sensitive” individuals with anxious, depressive or stressed tendencies.
Diagnose and treat neurosis
It is advisable to get closer to your doctor from the observation of the first symptoms associated with the disease.
In the diagnosis of a neurotic state, the doctor will refer the patient to specialists in the psychological state ( psychologist , psychiatrist , etc.)
The social dialogue and the elocution of these symptoms, to the people of his close entourage, are advised during the observation of clinical monkeys.
The therapeutic follow-up of these psychological conditions, refers to group psychotherapy, organized by professionals in psychology (psychologists, psychiatrist, psychotherapist, nurse, etc.).
If the diagnosed symptoms are severe, hospitalization may be prescribed. Nevertheless, this case remains rare.
Drug treatment is rare in this type of psychological disorder. Moreover, it can be related to that of depression , anxiety disorders or bipolar disorders .