Table of Content
- Symptoms of prostate cancer
- Causes of Prostate Cancer
- Diagnosing tests for prostate cancer
- Treatment of Prostate Cancer
- Living with Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer is found mostly in men in UK. Almost 40,000 new cases are diagnosed every year.
No signs and symptoms appear for years, because it grow very slowly. The symptoms usually appear when prostate grows large enough to affect the urethra. Urethra is a tube functions to carry urine from balder up to the penis.
When you have prostate cancer you need to urinate more and changes like straining while urinating and sensational feelings like you didn’t completely empty your bladder are common.
These symptoms can also appear due to some other changes in the body, but you can’t ignore these and must acquire medical attention as soon as possible.
Symptoms of prostate cancer
As mentioned above prostate cancer don’t show any symptoms until it grows large enough to impart impact on urethra.
The common symptoms which can be noticed are:
- You urge to urinate more especially during night
- You feel difficulty like in starting to pee and feel hesitation
- You are most likely to prostate cancer if you are taking more time during urination
- Uneven or weak flow
- Even after fully emptying your bladder, you feel like you didn’t empty it completely.
In most of the cases men’s prostate grew larger with growing age due to non-cancerous condition commonly known as prostate enlargement or some time benign prostate hyperplasia.
Causes of Prostate Cancer
The real causes of prostate cancer are still unknown. But, some risk factors have been identified which can increase the chances of developing a prostate cancer. The prostate cancer is more common in older individuals. Most of the cases have been diagnosed in individuals who are above 50 years of age.
Although, reasons are not identified but it is most common in people of Africa and Caribbean and less common in Asian communities.
If you have family history of developing a prostate cancer then you are at higher risk.
Diagnosing tests for prostate cancer
Prostate cancer cannot be identified by single test. The common tests which are used may have some benefits and some risks, your doctor may discuss in detail with you.
The common tests include physical examination, blood tests, digital rectal examination and biopsy.
The blood test s used to identify the PSA level, and hence it is also known as prostate specific antigen test. The results are not reliable so you are not most likely to advice for PSA test. This is just because it is not confined only to prostate cancer. The PSA level may increase due to different reasons such as due to urinary tract infection or growth of the prostate due to non-cancerous cells, inflammation or sometime due to prostate cancer as well. In addition to this PSA analysis is not helpful in identifying the stage of prostate cancer.
This means a raised PSA can lead to unnecessary tests and treatment.
Treatment of Prostate Cancer
For most of the individuals treatment on immediate basis is not necessary. If your prostate cancer is at its early stage then doctor will surely advices you a policy of “active surveillance” or “watchful waiting”. This involves the monitoring of cancer with great care.
The possible treatment includes the removal of prostate with the help of surgery, along with it hormone therapy may be fruitful. Additionally you can also perform radiotherapy to eliminate cancer with the help of strong radio waves.
As it is not easy to diagnose prostate cancer early on, so most of the time treatment is only possible at the later stage. If it spreads to bones then treatment is not possible and the only thing doctors perform is to increase your life expectancy. All the treatment process employed for cure have associated risk factors including urinary incontinence and erectile dysfunction.
This is the only reason that most men try to avoid the treatment as long as there are chances of its spread.
The side effects can be reduce by the use advance technologies such as cryotherapy or ultrasound accompanied by high intensity. Some hospitals use these treatment as an alternative to surgery and radiotherapy. But the long term effectiveness cannot be identified foe these treatments at the present time.
Living with Prostate Cancer
The prostate cancer progresses very slowly so you can live for years after developing prostate cancer. Prostate cancer have serious effects on your life which include physical problems like urinary incontinence and erectile dysfunction.
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