Stress is a set of physical and physiological responses of the body to a particular stressful situation and / or stressors. It can affect everyone, usually for a short time. A situation of chronic stress, however, is pathological.
What is stress?
Stress is defined by the body’s emotional and physical responses to a particular situation or to stressors. Stress is a natural reaction if it is not excessive.
On the other hand, a situation of chronic stress can be considered as pathological and can lead to digestive disorders, headaches , sleep disorders or other physiological disorders.
In people with asthma, stress can cause asthma symptoms to deteriorate. The same is true for people who are depressed, anxious, or have other mental disorders.
Means and techniques can fight against stress, especially when it is chronic, such as relaxation exercises, or breathing.
The most common stress situations are: the examination approach, an interview, an oral presentation in front of an audience or in response to a certain danger. In these situations, signs are then directly observable: fast breathing, muscle contractions, increased heart rate, etc.
Causes of stress
Stress is triggered by situations that represent a “danger” for the individual or stressors. These situations of stress and / or stressors can be related by various contexts depending on the age of the person.
In children and adolescents, these can result in confrontation with violent, abusive or conflictual situations, such as in the case of parental divorce.
In adults, it will be more stressful situations in everyday life and work, anxiety and depression. Studies have shown that a chronic state of stress, in the adult, was most often the consequence of an underlying anxiety state.
Exposure to traumatic situations can also cause chronic stress. We then differentiate the state of acute stress from the post-traumatic stress state. These two disorders are the consequence of past traumatic events: death, accident, serious illness, etc.
Other origins can also be associated with a stressful situation: smoking, the use of illicit substances, sleep disorders or even diet.
In particular, it was pointed out that people with chronic stress and long-term stress situations had higher mortality rates.
Who is affected by stress?
Stress is a common situation in everyday life and can affect every person.
However, the intensity of stress varies from one person to another depending on his personality and ability to cope with the stressful situation.
Depressed and anxious individuals are particularly at risk of coping with daily stress.
A stress situation can be likened to:
- a routine pressure , at work, at school, in the family or to any other liability;
- stress caused by a change sudden and unexpected, such as a divorce, job change or the occurrence of disease;
- A traumatic episode: a natural disaster, an attack, etc.
Possible complications related to stress
Other health problems can then develop as a result of a state of stress: weakening of the immune system making the individual more at risk of developing infections and diseases, digestive disorders, sleep disorders or even reproductive disorders.
But also, can be associated: headaches, difficulties of falling asleep, a chronic negative state, irritability, mood disorders, etc.
Symptoms and treatments of a state of stress
Signs and symptoms of stress
Stress can manifest itself through emotional, mental and physical signs and symptoms.
Emotionally, a stressed person can be overworked, irritable, anxious, and anxious or even lose self-esteem.
Mentally, the signs can be likened to an abuse of thoughts, a state of constant worry, difficulty concentrating or difficulties in making decisions and making choices.
The physical symptoms related to stress are such as headaches, muscle aches, dizziness, nausea, sleep disorders, intense fatigue or eating disorders.
Other consequences can be associated with a state of chronic stress: alcohol and tobacco, an increase in violent gestures and behaviors, or the elimination of social relations.
In this sense, chronic stress is not to be neglected and must be identified and treated as soon as possible.
Some tips to manage stress
The management of his stress is possible!
Some tips and tricks help to detect and manage your stress state:
- the recognition of signs of stress (emotional, physical and mental);
- the discussions with loved ones and / or physician;
- the practice of daily physical activity and socialization ;
- of relaxation exercises , such as breathing exercises, for example;
- identify and define its objectives and priorities;
- stay in touch with your family, friends and all the people in your daily life;
How to treat stress in case of complications?
Means and techniques for managing stress exist and are recommended as a first resort. In this first step, exercises of breathing, relaxation, guides of well-being, etc. are available and useful.
The doctor’s consultation is then the second step, when the feeling of depression begins to be felt (after a few weeks of chronic stress) or an anxiety state begins to invade daily life.