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Testicular Cancer, Symptoms, Types, Causes and Treatment

Table of Contents

  1. Symptoms of Testicular Cancer
  2. Types of Testicular Cancer
  3. How common is Testicular Cancer?
  4. Causes of Testicular Cancer
  5. Treatment Testicular Cancer


Testicular cancer is the less common cancer also known as cancer of testicles. It most commonly affect younger men starts from teenage to the late early 50s.

testicular cancer


Symptoms of Testicular Cancer

The first thing being noticeable is the formation of painless lump with swelling in your testicles. Other noticeable symptoms are:

  • A kind of dull ache in your scrotum which is a sac of skin right underneath penis covering your testicles.
  • Heavy feeling either inside the scrotum or testicles.

symptoms of testicular cancer

If you find any noticeable change then immediately call on your doctor to get diagnosed as soon as possible.

Types of Testicular Cancer

Types of cancer entirely depends on the location where the cancer first appears.

The most common among them is the germ cell testicular cancer. It accounts for almost 95% of all the diagnosed testicular cancers. Germ cells are have significant role in body as they are necessary to produce sperms. Germ cell cancer can be further subdivided in to two categories, which are:

  • Seminomas, accounted for almost 40-45% of all diagnosed germ cells cancers
  • Non-seminomas, contribute the same ratio as the seminomas type cancer

types of testicualr cancer

These types can be cured by chemotherapy with the help of proper medications.

Other less common types of cancer of testicles are:

  • Ley dig cell tumors cover almost 1-3% of all the diagnosed cases
  • Lymphoma, covers 4% of all the cases
  • Sertoli cell tumors, is the least common type

How common is Testicular Cancer?

It is the least common type of cancer affecting men and accounts for just 1% of all cancer cases. Almost 2,300 men in UK are diagnosed with testicular cancer each year.

This type of cancer is unusual to compare with other types of cancers because all other cancer types are characterized in elder people, but testicular cancer is more common in young adults. It is the most common type of cancer which affects males between 15 and 49 years of age.

It is also reported that the rate of developing testicular cancer is 5 times more in white men as compared to black men.

According to general estimate the cases of testicular cancer are doubled then as in 1970s

Causes of Testicular Cancer

The real cause of testicular cancer is still unknown. There are number of factors which are known to increases the risk of developing testicular cancer.

  • If you have a family history of testicular cancer then you are more likely to get affected
  • If you are born with cryptorchidism which is characterized by undescended testicles. It is common observation that around 3-5% of boys born with their testicles lies inside the abdomen, which later on descend in to the scrotum.

Treatment Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer is the most treatable type of cancer. Almost 96% individuals can get rid of it at its early stage.

In case when it is developed outside the testicles, in case of more advance stages 80% of the individuals are known to get rid of it through proper medication.

tretament of testicualr cancer

As compared to other types of cancers death rate is very lower with testicular cancer. In UK almost 70 men die due to testicular cancer.

The most effective treatment is the removal of affected testicles through surgery. Keep in mind that it will not affect the ability to have sex and fertility as well. Chemotherapy can be applied in similar manner and is fruitful, while radiotherapy is the least applied one. Radiotherapy is only used for Seminomas type of cancer.

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