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Toothache: how to define and explain this dental pain? Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Toothache is intense dental pain. It is the consequence of pulpitis, inflammation of the inner part of the tooth. Solutions exist to relieve a toothache.

What is a toothache?

Toothache is an intense dental pain. It is due to pulpitis, inflammation of the dental pulp, which corresponds to the inner part of the tooth. The dental pulp includes various nerves and vessels, which explains the occurrence of a very intense pain during a toothache.

What are the causes of a pulpitis?

At the origin of the toothache, pulpitis can have several origins including:

  • tooth decay : Tooth decay remains one of the most common causes of toothache. It results in the destruction of the hard tissue of the tooth caused by enzymes or acids produced by bacteria. When caries sets in and develops, it can attack the pulp and cause pulpitis.
  • Dental trauma: Some shocks or dental trauma can cause irritation of the pulp.

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What are the risk factors?

Several factors can increase the risk of toothache. These factors include those that promote the installation and development of tooth decays, including:

  • poor oral hygiene ;
  • alcohol consumption ;
  • consumption of sweet products ;
  • smoking ;
  • stress ;
  • A change in eating habits.

Who is concerned?

Toothache can occur at any age. It can be manifested as well at the level of the teeth of milk as of definitive teeth.

What is the risk of complication?

Although it can be temporary, a toothache can also persist and increase in intensity. This is why it is important to treat the cause of the dental pain to avoid the occurrence of complications. As such, there are often two types of pulpitis causing a toothache:

  • Reversible pulpitis: This inflammation is not severe and is accompanied by acute dental pain. Eliminating the irritant factor is usually enough to remove the pain.
  • Irreversible pulpitis: This inflammation can evolve and become complicated. A pulp necrosiscan occur in particular.

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How to recognize a toothache?

A toothache is a very intense tooth pain. It can be felt as a dull, throbbing or pulsating pain in the affected tooth.

Depending on the case, a toothache can be transient or continuous . Some associated symptoms may also accentuate or prolong the pain, such as:

  • the sensitivity to hot and cold ;
  • The sensitivity to sweet products .

How to calm a toothache?

To relieve toothache, it is first and foremost to treat pulpitis, the inflammation that causes dental pain. Painkillers can nevertheless be recommended to calm the pain.

How to treat a toothache?

Treatment of toothache involves treating pulpitis. Depending on the origin, severity and course of this inflammation, treatment may require:

  • the use of certain drugs, such as antibiotics or anti-inflammatories;
  • The practice of dental surgery to treat trauma or tooth decay.

How to avoid a toothache?

The occurrence of toothache can be avoided by limiting the risk factors. In particular, good eating habits, a healthy lifestyle and proper oral hygiene should be adopted . This requires in particular:

  • effective toothbrushing after each meal;
  • Regular medical appointments at the dentist.

To avoid the development of toothache, it is also advisable to consult a dentist if slight dental pains appear.

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