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Toxemia of pregnancy Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

What is it?

Pregnant toxemia is a disease that affects pregnant women. This pathology is also called pre-eclampsia. It concerns pregnant women in their second half of pregnancy, about after 20 weeks of pregnancy, or just after childbirth.

The primary signs of preeclampsia are:
– arterial hypertension;
– proteinuria (presence of proteins in the urine).
These first significant signs are not remarkable in the person’s daily life, but are noticeable during pre-natal follow-up.

In some cases, other symptoms may develop and be synonymous with toxemia. These are:
– swelling of the feet, ankles, face and hands, caused by fluid retention;
– headache;
– eye problems;
– pain in the odds.

Although many cases are benign, these primary symptoms can also lead to more serious consequences for both the child and the mother. In this sense, the sooner the pre-eclampsia is diagnosed and taken care of, the better the prognosis will be.

This pathology affects nearly 6% of pregnant women and 1 to 2% of cases include severe forms.

Certain factors come into play in the development of the disease, such as:
– the presence of diabetes, hypertension or renal diseases before pregnancy;
– the presence of lupus (chronic autoimmune disease) or antiphospholipid syndrome.

Finally, other personal factors may also condition the development of toxemia, such as:
– family history;
– be over 40 years old
– have already had a pregnancy 10 years apart;
– have a multiple pregnancy (twins, triplets, etc.);
– have a body mass index (BMI) greater than 35.

Symptoms of Toxemia of pregnancy

In most cases, patients do not directly notice the development of the disease. Only the following clinical manifestations may be signs of development of toxemia:
– persistent headache;
– abnormal swelling of the hands and head;
– sudden weight gain;
– eye deficiencies.

Only medical examinations can highlight the disease. Thus, a blood pressure of 140/90 and beyond can be significant for the development of the pathology. In addition, blood and urine tests can testify to the possible presence of proteins, liver enzymes and an abnormally high level of platelets.

Additional tests on the fetus are then performed to verify the normal growth of the fetus.

The general symptoms of toxemia are defined by:
– swelling of the hands, face and eyes (edema);
– sudden weight gains over 1 or 2 days.

Other symptoms are characteristic of a more severe form of the disease, such as:
– severe and persistent headaches;
– breathing disorders;
– abdominal pain on the right side, at the level of the odds;
– a decrease in diuresis (urinary urges less common);
– nausea and vomiting;
– eye deficiencies.

The origins of the disease

A single origin of the disease cannot be associated with the cause. Different factors are involved in the development of toxemia. Among these are:
– genetic factors;
– the regime of the subject;
– vascular problems;
– autoimmune abnormalities / pathologies.

No action can avoid these conditions. Nevertheless, the sooner the diagnosis is made by the doctor, the better the prognosis for the meter and for the child.

Risk factors for Toxemia of pregnancy

Some factors are associated with an increased risk of developing the disease. These are:
– a multiple pregnancy;
– to be over 35-40 years old;
– to be pregnant at the beginning of adolescence;
– a first pregnancy;
– to have a BMI greater than 35;
– to make arterial hypertension;
– to make diabetes;
– to have kidney problems.

Prevention and treatment of Toxemia of pregnancy

Some factors are associated with an increased risk of developing the disease. These are:
– a multiple pregnancy;
– to be over 35-40 years old;
– to be pregnant at the beginning of adolescence;
– a first pregnancy;
– to have a BMI greater than 35;
– to make arterial hypertension;
– to make diabetes;
– to have kidney problems.

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Updated: May 8, 2018 — 4:11 pm

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