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Traumatic Brain Injury, Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Traumatic Brain Damage

Traumatic brain injury, a type of acquired brain injury, usually occurs when suddenly a trauma causes damage to any part of the brain. Traumatic brain injury is the result of sudden and violent hit on the head. This happens when an object pierces the hard skull and enters in to the soft tissues of brain. The symptoms of the traumatic brain injury depending on the damage can be mild, moderate and severe.

During mild TBI a person may remain conscious, or sometimes may lose consciousness for specific time period. While, other common symptoms of mild brain injury include confusion, headache, dizziness, lightheadedness, ringing in the ears, tired eyes or blurred vision, lethargy or fatigue, bad taste, mood or behavioral changes, a change in sleep schedule, trouble with concentration, thinking and attention.

All of these symptoms are also associated with moderate traumatic brain injury, but additionally may also have severe headache which is not going away, nausea and repeated vomiting, seizures and convulsions, sleepiness, dilation of pupils, numbness or weakness, slurred speech, increased confusion, agitation and restlessness.


You should need medical attention in both the cases, either in moderate or in severe TBI. The medical consultant will try to stabilize an individual with traumatic brain injury and will assist you against further injury, because recovery is almost impossible. The first thing consult will try to focus on is to insure proper oxygen supply to your brain especially the damaged area and to the rest of the body, controlling blood pressure and maintain healthy blood flow.

The imaging tests provide the details, prognosis and diagnosis of TBI patient. Patients having mild brain injuries are subjected to neck and skull X-rays to check for spinal instabilities and bone fractures. While, in case of moderate and severe TBI a CT scan (computer tomography) is required. If patient is investigated and diagnosed for moderate to severe TBI, then rehabilitation is mandatory in order to tailor the ruptured area through occupational therapy, physical therapy, language or speech therapy.

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