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Vulvitis, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention

What is vulvitis?

It is not a disease but is an inflammation of the soft folds of the skin which line the outer surface of the female genitalia called the vulva. The possible causes of infection are allergic reaction, infection and injury. As the vulva is comprised of warm and moist skin and is susceptible to irritation.


Who is affected by vulvitis?

Women of any age can be affected by vulvitis. The girls who didn’t reach puberty or women having postmenstrual cycle are at the greatest risk of having vulvitis. This happens only due to the lower level of estrogen and their vulvar tissues become thinner and drier.


Causes of vulvitis?

It is caused by number of factors which may include:

  • The possible reason is the use of perfumed and colored toilet paper
  • The reaction caused by the use of bubble bath or soap which is used to clean your genital area
  • If you use douches or vaginal sprays
  • Irritation caused by the use of hot tub water or chlorinated swimming pool
  • The allergic reaction which might be caused by use of spermicide
  • Sanitary napkins causes allergic reaction
  • It is caused by wearing synthetic underwear made of nylon pantyhose which is deprived of breathable cotton crotch
  • If you wear a wet bathing suit
  • Excessive bike or horse riding
  • Bacterial or fungal infections which may include pubic or scabies lice
  • Herpes may be the possible cause
  • The skin conditions like dermatitis and eczema

Symptoms of vulvitis

The possible symptoms of vulvitis may include:

  • Constant and extreme itching
  • Extreme burning sensations in your vulvar area
  • Irregular vaginal discharge
  • If the small cracks appear on skin of vulva
  • Selling and redness of the labia i.e. lips of vagina and vulva
  • Blisters may appear on vulva
  • Thick, scaly white patches on your vulva

These symptoms are not only associated with vulvitis but may also be associate with other diseases and disorders of genitals. If any of the above mentioned symptoms any appear then you need to consult with your doctor.

How is vulvitis diagnosed?

The doctor may ask you a complete medical history and complete pelvic examination which include: blisters, redness of the vaginal lining and lesions indicating vulvitis. Additionally the vaginal discharge may be tested to rule out the possibilities of infections.


The doctor may also advice tests for sexually transmitted diseases which may include the collection of urine sample to rule out other genital irritations.

Treatment of Vulvitis

The first and best you can do is to stop taking those medicines or products which are causing irrigation and always wear loose, white cotton undergarments which are breathable.

To reduce the itching and irritation your doctor may advise to apply the cortisone on the affected area. Use of topical estrogen creams and sits bath are also advisable which will deal with itching and other symptoms causing vulvitis. If these treatments are not fruitful then you will be prescribed other tests to rule out the possibility of having vulvar cancer.

Prevention of Vulvitis

The vulvitis can be prevented by several methods. These may include the use of unscented, gentle cleaning products on your genital area completely dry after having a bath or washing. The fragranced famine products and douches are strongly prohibited if you have vulvitis. The use of loose fitting undergarments will surely help you to minimize the effects of vulvitis.



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