In the case of oral pathology, simply brushing teeth is not enough. It is strongly recommended to complement it with other hygiene techniques, such as oral interproximal techniques symbolized by the famous brushes.
To guard against cavities, it is well known, it is necessary to eliminate the dental plaque as much as possible by means of a brushing of the teeth. This plaque, which settles and settles in a few hours, should be removed every 6 hours, ideally after meals. If this plate is not scrubbed for more than 48 hours, it is likely to turn into calcified tartar. Unfortunately, this plate is not always accessible to the hair of a simple brush.
The fillings (whose purpose is often to seal lesions due to caries) that cause retention of dental plaque, maldispositions teeth, preventing the toothbrush to slip in corners, the retraction gums, which leave small triangular holes between the teeth, infections, the presence of crowns and periodontal diseases, are the reasons that push to use tools like interdental brushes.
The oldest and probably most famous interdental hygiene technique is the toothpick. Some monkeys themselves use small sticks to remove food settlements that get stuck between their teeth.
Despite their relative effectiveness, their cylindrical shape does not allow access to the lingual portion of the proximal faces of the teeth and the bacterial plaque can not be totally removed using these tools. However, more and more toothpicks are now triangular in shape, greatly improving their effectiveness.
The dental floss typically consists of silk or nylon, is another way, generally more effective in removing plaque from between teeth. Requiring some dexterity, it can sometimes be responsible for lesions of the disc, especially in case of horizontal movements too brutal.
The interdental brushes are small brushes, mainly used in people with known losses of fasteners. They are used in larger spaces than dental floss.
Very manageable, they consist of a handle, a small metal part to which is attached hair (the strand). The hairs are very varied in thickness, usually two-colored so as to quickly identify plaque and blood. Unlike dental floss, hygiene is more complete with this type of material. But it is especially their ease and speed of use that seduce their users.
Their use requires some dentist advice: a method of use should ideally be shown by the practitioner. Do not hesitate to call on him.
After each use, it is important to rinse it under cold water. Its lifespan varies according to the intensity of use: from a few days if it is used for several zones, to a month if it is used for a single space.
Two journals have examined the effectiveness of dental brushes. In one of them, there is a significant improvement vis-à-vis the dental plaque of the brushes compared to the use of the toothbrush alone, but also with respect to the dental floss. However, no study provides evidence of an improvement in the parameters of inflammation.
Several studies also highlight a decrease in bleeding as they are used, as well as a decrease in pocket depths.