Today we will discuss what is Dementia? Dementia is the term used for a number of symptoms of declining brain function. It turns out mainly by poor memory, and reduced ability to function in everyday life. Dementia often insidious. In the beginning it can be difficult to determine whether the case of illness. As it becomes clear that the disease makes it necessary to provide for Drange dementia. Dementia occurs mainly older, but younger people can also get the disease.
What is Dementia?
A variety of diseases can lead to dementia. Most often these are progressive brain disease, which only partially know the cause of these.
- Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause. The nerve cells in several areas of the brain becomes dysfunctional and slow perish and the reason for this is not clearly established.
- In vascular dementia due to destruction of nerve tissue, the blood vessels clogged by blood clots or a lack of oxygen supply due to atherosclerosis. Blood clots can come from anywhere heart beat or atherosclerosis in the carotid artery.
- Parkinson’s disease People with Parkinson’s disease often develop dementia after many years.
- Pande Laps Dementia can start down to 40-50 years of age, but is most often seen in the elderly. The disease has several causes, which are only partially cleared and is often hereditary than other dementias.
- Alcohol abuse Long-term alcohol abuse causes chronic poisoning of the brain, often will disappear when you stop the abuse. Many, however, will have irreversible brain damage after alcohol abuse, primarily due to lack of vitamin B1 intake (thiamine) under the abuse.
How experienced dementia?
Especially the families become aware of the first signs of dementia, but many may initially may feel that they do not remember so well that there is something wrong. But gradually, as the disease progresses, there is no longer any sense of it. The period until this can be of some experienced as unpleasant and cause depressive symptoms.
The signs of incipient dementia are:
- poor memory
- decreased ability to function in everyday life
Emotions like anxiety, confusion and hopelessness can be dominant. When the disease gets worse, disappear discomfort of the person with dementia, but the problems are so similar greater in the surroundings.
What can you do yourself?
Most causes of dementia can not do much about. One should also remember that when older people get sick, for example, pneumonia, cancer and dehydration can occur confusing which can mimic dementia symptoms.
Read more about Asperger’s syndrome
You should be aware of:
- That one gets enough to drink or eat.
- If you notice signs of incipient dementia among themselves or with their loved ones, you should talk to her doctor. He can study the cause and start any treatment.
- To be more reluctant alcohol, which can tolerate lower than if you were not demented.
- That one should avoid situations with many people, much noise and new places.It can make the person with dementia creepy.
- However, it is important to keep in time, preferably with social interaction and physical activity to the extent that the person with dementia can keep up with.
How is the disease diagnosed?
First, a doctor must ensure that there actually is a dementia condition. Many people go and forget things, without it being no actual dementia. By making a small test consisting of a series of simple questions, your doctor or other health professionals determine whether a case of dementia.
Often the test, called “MMSE” (Mini-Mental Status Examination). The test is, in spite of its simplicity fairly reliable. If we can solve (almost) all tasks in the test, then dementia less likely. However, some diseases may cause dementia symptoms, many of which can be treated effectively. It is therefore important to test for these diseases.
- Other reasons to be excluded. You should have blood tests to exclude fabric switch diseases , vitamin deficiencies (especially B-12) , infection and dehydration.
- Man doing a CT scan of the brain to rule out bleeding, tumors or fluid accumulation in the brain as the cause of the dementia. A CT scan can also detect effects to blood clots or atherosclerosis.
It depends on the underlying disease.
- The most common form of dementia is Alzheimer’s disease. Faced with this disease have developed new drugs that might expose – but not cure the disease.The course can be transiently stabilized with medication.
- Vascular dementia is often a progressive disease, but cholesterol-lowering drugs can prevent new blood clots, thus reducing deterioration.
- If dementia caused by alcohol abuse, you should stop consumption and dementia can thereby be reduced somewhat. Often there will be permanent damage not worsen with time, unless alcohol consumption resumes.
- Most dementias are slowly progressive disease that eventually require nursing home care, and, after several years ends in death.
How is dementia?
The development of Alzheimer’s disease can be exposed to medication, but not cured. Treatment can be initiated after diagnosis. It is made by specialists in psychiatry, neurology and geriatrics after a detailed feasibility study. The medicine can be printed and treatment can be followed by all doctors.
Medications used for Alzheimer’s may contain the following ingredients: donepezil, galantami, rivastigmine, memantine.
There are several different preparations of these active substances, and prices can vary widely.
Donepezil, rivastigmine and galantamine may be given to Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson Dementia and Lewy Body dementia of mild to moderate, while memantine is used for Alzheimer’s disease of moderate to severe intensity.
Side effects in the form of stomach problems can be seen for the first three preparations the while memantine in rare cases can cause more confusion.
Vascular dementia caused by blood clots, can be slowed with anticoagulant treatment:
- Medicines to treat thrombosis as aspirin, clopidorel and / or dipyridamole. This treatment requires no blood tests.
- Warfarin or phenprocoumon require blood tests to ensure the correct dose. Used only if there is irregular heartbeat.
Medical treatment should never be left alone. Advice, guidance and information to relatives is very important and various social measures are often necessary.