What is Shingles?
Shingles (herpes zoster) is a viral infection of the skin caused by the chickenpox virus (varicella zoster virus).
Shingles causes pain, in children and adolescents usually mild, but the pain is worse in the elderly.
In the elderly, be stabbing, burning and pain in the affected area of the skin for more than 1 month after the outbreak. The pain occurred more frequently at shingles in the face.
Especially feared are the shingles on the face where there is a risk that the virus infection hits the cornea of the eye, so as to cause visual impairment. It is therefore urgent to seek medical attention if shingles sitting on his face.
In rare cases can cause temporary paralysis of muscles, such as around the mouth or in an arm or leg if the outbreak is in these areas.
How does the disease?
The disease usually begins with pain in an area of skin in one half of the body. After 2-4 days there will be redness and blisters, which develop into scabs that fall off within a few weeks. At the outbreak of the face can also eye or oral mucosa attacked. In most disappear pain again, but in some there is pain for a long time or a hypersensitivity of the skin where hellfire sat.
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Who gets the disease?
Anyone who has had chickenpox can get shingles. Shingles is seen with increasing frequency with age. It is estimated that one in five get shingles at some point.
Patients with diseases that cause impaired immune systems, such as cancer or AIDS are at greater risk of getting shingles. One can get shingles more than once.
What causes shingles?
The reason is that after the varicella virus over varicella during childhood is located in sensory nerves without causing symptoms. Virus can be activated for a period immunocompromised and wander along the nerve fibers to areas of the skin.
Shingles can infect people who have not had chickenpox, and give them varicella if they touch the outbreak of shingles. There is varicella virus in the bladders.
Studies on shingles
The diagnosis is easy on the characteristic half-sided rash and pain.
One can detect the virus by scraping from the base of fresh bubbles.
Special conditions in children
In children and adolescents, there is only ease pain, and after healing occurs not persistent pain.
Treatment of Shingles
In mild cases in younger, it is rarely necessary to treat the disease.
Tablet Treatment of herpes means shortens the process and reduces any pain after healing. In patients with disease that causes impaired immune system, possibly. Selecting a herpes means of infusion.
Treatment must be started within the first three days after the visible outbreak.
Aciclovir and valaciclovir
Herpes virus, in particular give cold sores and ulcers on the genitals can be treated with acyclovir or valaciclovir.