Bursitis, also called hygroma, is characterized by an inflammation of the purse, this “little bag” filled with fluid, and serving as a cushion between the tendon and the bone.
What is Bursitis ?
Definition of bursitis
Bursitis is characterized by inflammation and swelling in the bursa.
The purse is a kind of “bag” filled with a fluid, under the skin. The stock market behaves like a little “cushion” between tendons and bones. The bursitis is then an inflammation at the level of these small pads, of maintenance and junction, between the bones and the tendons.
Bursitis most commonly develops at the level of:
- the shoulders ;
- the elbows ;
- of the knee ;
- The hip.
Other body areas may also have bursitis, but to a lesser extent. These include ankles, feet or Achilles tendon.
Bursitis and tendonitis are two major causes of soft tissue inflammation.
Causes of bursitis
The development of bursitis is the consequence of inflammation. The latter, itself resulting from surgery or repeated movements involving the affected limb.
The risk of developing such soft tissue involvement is increased by physical activity involving a large number of repetitive movements.
People spending a significant time in “kneeling” position will then tend to develop bursitis knees. Another, rarer cause may also be related to bursitis: an infection.
Who is affected by bursitis?
Everyone can be concerned by the development of a bursitis. Nevertheless, people who demonstrate physical activity (sports, work, daily, etc.) involving a large number of gestures and repeated movements, will be more at risk of developing such an attack.
Symptoms of bursitis
The main symptoms of this inflammation of the bursa are the pain and stiffness felt in the affected area.
The severity of these symptoms varies depending on the level of inflammation and may also cause swelling.
The pain is usually felt, more importantly, during movement or pressure at the impacted area.
In the context of an infection (septic bursitis), other symptoms can also be associated:
- a state febrile ;
- an infection that deepens in the skin;
- of skin lesions ;
Risk factors for bursitis
Being, generally, the consequence of a daily activity (work, sport, etc.), repeated and supported movements of the elbow, knees, and other limbs, can be risk factors for developing a bursitis.
Diagnose, prevent and treat bursitis
The first diagnosis is usually visual: pain, swelling, etc.
Analysis of a fluid sample, circulating at the affected stock exchange, may also support the diagnosis. This means of diagnosis makes it possible to search for the possible infectious cause.
Other analyzes and complementary examinations can also be the subject of a diagnosis and a management of the pathology:
- the blood analysis ;
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) ;
The majority of cases of bursitis are treated very well. The use of ice reduces the level of inflammation, reduces pain and deflates the area.
To alleviate pain, painkillers can also be prescribed: aspirin, paracetamol or ibuprofen.
The pain is usually persistent over a few weeks. In addition, the swellings can, in turn, extend over a longer period of time.
Precautions can however be taken within the framework of a limitation of the risk of bursitis: the eviction of the kneeling position in the long term, or well to warm up before a sporting exercise.